? 中药学 视讯ag娱乐网站|平台,ag亚游平台下载|平台,正规ag游戏开户注册|优惠

【中国古代发明】记中医药文化发展轨迹 一

前言:

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?中国是医药文化发祥最早的国家之一,从文明的曙光在天幕上耀映亚细亚大地之时,遍及神州大地的簇簇史前文化篝火,由点到面联接起来,形成燎原之势,逐渐的融化在文明时代的光华之中。从此,中国医药学的文明史开始了。 ? ? ? ?中国五千年的有文字可考医学史,由于东方文化发展的特色形成的中国独特理论框架,及近现代西方科学的撞击及西医的传入,出现两个分明的层次,在东西方医学交汇中呈现复杂多态的状态。在中国传统医学中,汉族医学的历史最悠久,实践经验和理论认识最为丰富。 ? ? ? ?中医发源于中国黄河流域,很早就建立了学术体系。中医在漫长的发展过程中,历代都有不同的创造,涌现了许多名医,出现了许多重要学派和名着。中国历史上有"神农尝百草……一日而遇七十毒"的传说,反映了古代劳动人民在与自然和疾病作斗争的过程中发现药物、积累经验的艰苦过程,也是中药起源于生产劳动的真实写照。 ? ? ? ?早在夏商周时期(约公元前22世纪末--前256年),中国就已出现药酒及汤液。西周(约公元前11世纪--前771年)的《诗经》是中国现存文献中最早记载有药物的书籍。现存最早的中医理论典籍《内经》提出了"寒者热之,热者寒之","五味所入","五脏苦欲补泻"等学说,为中药基本理论奠定了基础。 ? ? ? ?现存最早的药学专着《神农本草经》是秦汉时期(公元前221--公元220年)众多医学家搜集、总结了先秦以来丰富药学资料而成书的。本书载药365种,至今尚为临床所习用。它的问世,标志着中药学的初步确立。 ? ? ? ?在3000多年前的殷商甲骨文中,中国已经有关于医疗卫生以及十多种疾病的记载。周代已经使用望、闻、问、切等诊病方法和药物、针灸、手术等治疗方法。秦汉时期,形成了《黄帝内经》这样具有系统理论的着作。此书是现存最早的一部中医理论性经典着作。张仲景所着的《伤寒杂病论》,专门论述了多种杂病的辨证诊断、治疗原则,为后世的临床医学奠定了发展的基础。汉代外科学已具有较高水平。据《三国志》记载,名医华佗已开始使用全身麻醉剂"麻沸散"进行各种外科手术。

历史发展沿革:

? ? ? ?从魏晋南北朝(公元220--589年)到隋唐五代(公元581--960年),脉诊取得了突出的成就。晋代名医王叔和所着的《脉经》归纳了24种脉象。该书不仅对中国医学有很大影响,而且还传到了国外。这一时期医学各科的专科化已趋成熟。针灸专着有《针灸甲乙经》;《抱朴子》和《肘后方》是炼丹的代表着作;制药方面有《雷公炮炙论》;外科有《刘涓子鬼遗方》;《诸病源候论》是病因专着,《颅囟经》是儿科专着;《新修本草》是世界上第一部药典;眼科专着有《银海精微》等等。另外,唐代还有孙思邈的《千金要方》和王焘的《外台秘要》等大型方书。

Service Box Type 1

Cornea Services

The cornea is the eye's outermost layer. It is dome-shaped surface front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

Read More...

Glaucoma Services

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. A major risk factor is increased pressure in the eye.

Read More...

Service Box Type 2

Cornea Services

The cornea is the eye's outermost layer. It is dome-shaped surface front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.

Read More...

Laser Cataract Surgery

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. A risk factor is increased pressure in eye.

Read More...

Accordion

Pellentesque sit amet pulvinar dolor, eget adipiscing dolor. Donec cursus at magna vel consequat. Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Donec cursus at magna vel consequat. Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Cras feugiat semper leo non mollis. Sed ac dapibus felis. Donec vel pretium quam. Phasellus nibh massa, malesuada lobortis ante at, porta cursus elit. Praesent imperdiet nisl sem, ut ultricies turpis pretium rutrum. Curabitur diam purus, sodales vel nibh et, auctor commodo enim.

Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Donec cursus at magna vel consequat. Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Cras feugiat semper leo non mollis. Sed ac dapibus felis. Donec vel pretium quam. Phasellus nibh massa, malesuada lobortis ante at, porta cursus elit. Praesent imperdiet nisl sem, ut ultricies turpis pretium rutrum. Curabitur diam purus, sodales vel nibh et, auctor commodo enim.

Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Toggle

Pellentesque sit amet pulvinar dolor, eget adipiscing dolor. Donec cursus at magna vel consequat. Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Donec cursus at magna vel consequat. Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat. Cras feugiat semper leo non mollis. Sed ac dapibus felis. Donec vel pretium quam. Phasellus nibh massa, malesuada lobortis ante at, porta cursus elit. Praesent imperdiet nisl sem, ut ultricies turpis pretium rutrum. Curabitur diam purus, sodales vel nibh et, auctor commodo enim.

Vestibulum ultrices, ante nec facilisis facilisis, erat velit facilisis eros, vulputate placerat sapien sem eget velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.

Velit senserit ne voluptatibus nam legam voluptatibus pariatur dolor offendit iis do ad noster cernantur ad sed eiusmod reprehenderit. Eiusmod esse aliqua proident dolore ex arbitror multos incididunt probant.

Typography

Accura Vision

Accura Vision

Accura Vision

Accura Vision

Accura Vision
Accura Vision

List Type

  • Visual acuity test
  • Retinoscopy & Refraction testing
  • Ophthalmoscope & slit lamp test
  • Non-contact Tonometer & Tonopen test
  • Digital Retinal Photography & Visual field screener
  • Visual acuity test
  • Retinoscopy & Refraction testing
  • Ophthalmoscope & slit lamp test
  • Non-contact Tonometer & Tonopen test
  • Digital Retinal Photography & Visual field screener

Glass & Lens brand

If there is a specific designer frame that you are looking for, please call and speak to one of our frame experts, who will be more than happy to assist you

We are proud to offer a below eyeglass lenses

  • Polycarbonate lenses
  • Bifocal & Trifocal lenses
  • Trivex lenses
  • High index plastic lenses
  • Aspheric lenses
  • Photochromic lenses
  • Polarized sunglasses

The type of vision problem that you have determines the shape of the eyeglass lens.

如果你有任何眼科问题打电话给我们 157-2628-6716