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中药材的药品保存方法

? ? ? ?未煎制的中药材如果不注意保存方法,很容易让中药原本的功效降低、发生虫蛀,煎制完成的中药汤剂也要注意保存的方法,确保时效性。因此,药品的保存值得我们大家学习阅读,下面我们就来看看中药材的保存方法做简要说明。 ? ? ? ?

未煎制的药材要保持干燥:

? ? ? ?中药材的含水量超过15%时,容易发生虫害、霉变等问题。故对含水量高的药材,降低中药材含水量最常用方法是:把药材摊在洁净席子上,摆在太阳下晒。或放在通风的室内或遮荫的棚下阴干。此外,也可以每剂药放干燥剂包保持药材干燥。值得注意的是,药材在于燥前都要充分散开.使其干燥均匀,避免局部含水量超标发生虫蛀霉变。

未煎制药材的合理储藏:

1、放低温环境下保存。如果当地温度或湿度较大。如沿海城市及高温、梅雨季节。药材保存就要放在心上。霉菌和虫蛀在1 0℃以下不易发生,且泛油、溶化、粘连等药材受潮反应在低温时也不易发生,所以将药材放在塑料袋中置于阴凉干燥处(如冰箱),更加有利于保存,确保有备无患。2、有些药材注意密封保存:如种子类药材(白扁豆、麦芽、薏苡仁等),放置高处可防止老鼠撕咬;容易风化(芒硝等)和挥发(冰片等)的药材,可采取密闭保存可避免有效成分丢失。密封时,将药品放在干净的陶瓷罐、真空袋也是不错的密封容器。

煎制完成中药汤剂真空密封包装:

? ? ? ?这种保存方法是最常见的一种,一般都会在包装中注明保质期和保存的方法。但是目前国家并没有相关的法律法规进行统一规范,所以会出现不同医院或者是药店煎煮出来的相同药物保质期是不一样的。 ? ? ? ?煎好的中药保存最重要的就是保存的温度,温度越高,变坏的速度也就会越快。如果是在冷藏的情况下,也就是零到5度的情况下,那么一般可以保存一周左右的时间,如果时间超过了一周,检查是否有涨袋情况。倒到杯子里是否有出现气泡,或出现其他的异常情况。如果有那么就说明出现变质,就不要喝了。所以建议煎好的真空塑料袋包装的中药汤剂尽量低温保存。

自带器皿保存方法:

? ? ? ?如果是使用患者自己提供的器皿来盛放中药,那么最好将一次用不完的中药,放在冷藏室保存,不要超过三天,否则很容易出现中药药液变质,影响疗效。总之中药的副作用比较小,所以现在越来越多的人习惯使用中药来治病。利用中药治病,煎制中药是必不可少的工作,所以了解中药材及制品如何保存这个问题是非常有必要的知识。

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